Is Facebook killing your privacy? Some say it already has
Facebook has murdered privacy.
That's not just the contention of privacy watchdogs. That's Mashable's Ben Parr wringing his hands.
"Facebook has finally done it," Parr wrote. "It's just a few updates away now from euthanizing the concept of privacy."
Last week Facebook unveiled its dramatic redesign of profiles, a time line that charts in chronological order all the information users have shared on the service. Facebook also showed off new third-party applications that -- when enabled -- automatically share every action users take: every song they listen to, article they read and video they watch (not to mention every meal they cook and every jogging route they follow).
Facebook Chief Executive Mark Zuckerberg calls it "frictionless sharing." That kind of sharing is designed to get users to stick around even longer (something that Facebook already does so well that it's got Google and other Internet players plenty worried).
"We're at the point of no return," Parr wrote. "Facebook's passive sharing will change how we live our lives. More and more, the things we do in real life will end up as Facebook posts. And while we may be consoled by the fact that most of this stuff is being posted just to our friends, it only takes one friend to share that information with his or her friends to start a viral chain. Sharing with just your friends doesn't protect your privacy. I know the people at Facebook will disagree and argue that users can control what is shared with whom. But this is simply an illusion that makes us feel better about all the sharing we have done and are about to do. We may not notice the impact on our lives immediately. But it won't be long until your life is on display for all of your friends to see, and then we'll all know what Facebook has wrought."
Not surprisingly, his conclusion is the same one reached by privacy advocates who are calling on federal regulators to take a hard look at the latest changes that Facebook is rolling out.
Marc Rotenberg, the executive director of the watchdog group Electronic Privacy Information Center, which has led the charge against Facebook, said he is sending a letter to the Federal Trade Commission highlighting his organization's concerns, which he says the agency has so far failed to address.
"It's getting really difficult to evaluate the changes that Facebook makes, and I say that as a privacy professional. I can't imagine what the typical user goes through," Rotenberg said. "Users might opt in to what Facebook is planning to do, but Facebook never gives users that option. It just marches forward and users have to go along."
An agency spokeswoman said the FTC does not discuss investigations unless the subject of an inquiry discloses the investigation.
"Then we can confirm the investigation without providing any details. But Facebook has not done so, so I can neither confirm nor deny that the FTC is investigating Facebook," Claudia Farrell said in an email.
Even as consumers try to digest the latest Facebook changes, another concern has emerged: Hacker Nik Cubrilovic on Sunday accused Facebook of using cookies to track users when they are logged off from the service.
Facebook engineer Gregg Stefancik denied that the company tracked users in a comment on Cubrilovic's post. Stefancik did admit that Facebook alters -- but does not delete -- cookies when users log out. But he says Facebook does that as a safety measure, and does not use the cookies to track users or sell their personal information.
Logged-out cookies are used to protect consumers, Facebook said. For example, Facebook says the logged-out cookies are used to identify spammers and phishers, detect when an unauthorized person is trying to access a user's account, help users regain access to an account when it's been hacked and disable registration for underage users who try to re-register with a different birthdate.
The latest privacy backlash comes as Facebook prepares for its highly anticipated initial public offering next year. The growing success of what is already the world's most popular social networking service has led analysts to conclude that it's essentially building a second Internet where it harvests users' personal data to target advertising.
That has raised the hackles of privacy watchdogs who accuse Facebook of putting profit before users. They say users are being pushed to divulge more about their lives than they feel comfortable.
"This redesign is part of Facebook's overdrive effort to boost data collection and ad sales prior to its IPO," said Jeffrey Chester, executive director of the Center for Digital Democracy. "Under the guise of enhancing the ability of its members to express themselves, Facebook is building a super-charged commercial surveillance system that threatens their privacy."
Tim Whitlock, chief technology officer and co-founder of Brandfeed, says users should think about the consequences now and in the future of sharing information on Facebook.
"Most people understand that sites like Facebook are free to use for a reason. It's not because Mark Zuckerberg loves you, it's because Facebook and its peers make money from your data and from your eyeballs. At least I hope people understand that. At the very least I hope that people understand they're making a trade of some sort and that they're ultimately in control of this arrangement," Whitlock wrote. "Whether this is optimistic or not, if we want to maintain any kind of control over this trade, we need to start thinking beyond what our data is currently used for. We need to start thinking beyond targeted advertising, and wonder what else the information we hand over today might be used for tomorrow."
As reader Rhonda Stanton, a broker associate with Keller Williams Realty Inc., commented on our blog post last week about Facebook's push to get its users to share more: "If I wanted the whole world to know what I was doing, I would friend the whole world."
-- Jessica Guynn
Cartoon: Signe Wilkinson / Philadelphia Daily News