Who knew we needed a $1 Andrew Johnson coin?
OK, maybe James Garfield's six months in office were more forgettable. Or Warren Harding, the first sitting senator to move down to the White House.
Until this minute, millions of Americans had no idea we needed an Andrew Johnson presidential one-dollar coin, which came out just this week.
"Beginning today," the U.S. Mint's Daniel Shaver said Thursday, "millions of Andrew Johnson Presidential $1 Coins will be released into circulation by Federal Reserve Banks across the Nation. During 2011, they will make their way into the hands and pockets of many Americans, connecting America through coins to Andrew Johnson and his Presidency."
Also countless dresser drawers.
Though popular perhaps with the vending machine industry, one dollar coins aren't seen as often as, say, quarters. But there's a reason the Mint churns them out: It can sell collectors a....
Andrew Johnson's presidential coin is the 17th in the series, not coincidentally because he was the 17th president, following Abraham Lincoln's 1865 assassination. Andrew (we call him that because it's such an elegant first name) is perhaps best known as the first president to be impeached, though not convicted.
But it turns out, his was quite an eventful presidency, pocked by the bitterness of post-war pains and a harsh Washington political climate that makes today's look like "Sesame Street." Johnson was a Southern Republican who held that those rebel states never actually seceded because the Union is indissoluble. And therefore, harsh Reconstruction measures were unnecessary.
So he did.
Hence, the impeachment proceedings.
Also overlooked: Had there been one more senator voting to convict Johnson, who had no vice president, the pattern of American politics might well have evolved quite differently, with Congress acquiring the habit of ousting uncooperative presidents and, given contemporary succession rules, possibly moving a legislator into the White House.
Johnson, however, survived to finish his term in 1869.
Before leaving, the Johnson administration paid the financially challenged Russian Czar Alexander II the exorbitant sum of $7.2 million for those 664,000 square miles of frozen wasteland in Alaska.
That was both a two-cent-per-acre thank-you for Russian support of the North during the recent unpleasantries among states and because Johnson and Secretary of State William Seward could see Russia from their front porch there.
No, seriously, they both had a ridiculous hunch there might be worthy minerals somewhere under the walruses up there.
During Johnson's tenure, three constitutional amendments were passed: The 13th banning slavery and involuntary servitude, the 14th defining citizenship to include blacks and including the Equal Protection Clause that permitted Brown vs Board of Education some nine decades later, and the 15th, which made blacks' right to vote explicit, although women would have to wait for a new century.
Here are just a couple of other things that the log cabin-born, unschooled, well-spoken, former tailor accomplished:
He was elected town alderman, city mayor, Tennessee state representative, Tennessee state senator, representative in the U.S. House, governor of Tennessee, U.S. senator and appointed military governor of Tennessee. He was elected vice president in Lincoln's 1864 reelection. (Ticket Trivia: Who was Lincoln's first-term vice president? Answer below**)
OK, but other than that entire lifelong public service career, why does Andrew Johnson deserve his own $1 coin?
Well, as it happens, after being president, Johnson returned to the U.S. Senate, the only ex-senator, former president to ever do that.
-- Andrew Malcolm
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Photos: U.S. Mint
** Hannibal Hamlin of Maine, who had bolted his Democratic Party in opposition to slavery, became the first-ever Republican VP and didn't meet his running mate until after the national election. Lincoln replaced Hamlin in 1864 to broaden his base with a Southerner, Tennessee's Johnson. Hamlin's wing of the GOP then lead the Johnson impeachment drive.