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The gallant story of Salvatore Giunta, America's newest Medal of Honor recipient

Army Staff Sgt Salvatore A. Giunta with wife Jennifer talks to reporters after receiving the Medal of Honor at the White House from President Obama 11-16-10

President Obama's remarks awarding the Medal of Honor to Staff Sgt. Salvatore A. Giunta
and the official citation, as provided by the White House

THE PRESIDENT:  Good afternoon, everybody. Please be seated. On behalf of Michelle and myself, welcome to the White House. Thank you, Chaplain Carver, for that beautiful invocation.
Of all the privileges that come with serving as President of the United States, I have none greater than serving as Commander-in-Chief of the finest military that the world has ever known. And of all the military decorations that a President and a nation can bestow, there is none higher than the Medal of Honor.
Today is particularly special. Since the end of the Vietnam War, the Medal of Honor has been awarded nine times for conspicuous gallantry in an ongoing or recent conflict. Sadly, our....

...nation has been unable to present this decoration to the recipients themselves, because each gave his life -- his last full measure of devotion -- for our country. Indeed, as President, I have presented the Medal of Honor three times -- and each time to the families of a fallen hero.
Today, therefore, marks the first time in nearly 40 years that the recipient of the Medal of Honor for an ongoing conflict has been able to come to the White House and accept this recognition in person. It is my privilege to present our nation’s highest military decoration, the Medal of Honor, to a soldier as humble as he is heroic: Staff Sergeant Salvatore A. Giunta.
Now, I’m going to go off-script here for a second and just say I really like this guy. (Laughter and applause.)  I think anybody -- we all just get a sense of people and who they are, and when you meet Sal and you meet his family, you are just absolutely convinced that this is what America is all about. And it just makes you proud. And so this is a joyous occasion for me -- something that I have been looking forward to.
The Medal of Honor reflects the gratitude of an entire nation.  So we are also joined here today by several members of Congress, including both senators and several representatives from Staff Sergeant Giunta’s home state of Iowa.  We are also joined by leaders from across my administration and the Department of Defense, including the Secretary of Defense, Robert Gates; Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Admiral Mike Mullen. Where’s Mike?  There he is, right there.  Army Secretary John McHugh; and Chief of Staff of the Army, General George Casey.
We are especially honored to be joined by Staff Sergeant Giunta’s fellow soldiers, his teammates and brothers from Battle Company, 2d of the 503d of the 173d Airborne Brigade; and several members of that rarest of fraternities that now welcomes him into its ranks -- the Medal of Honor Society.  Please give them a big round of applause.  (Applause.)
We also welcome the friends and family who made Staff Sergeant Giunta into the man that he is, including his lovely wife, Jenny; and his parents, Steven and Rosemary; as well as his siblings, who are here.  It was his mother, after all, who apparently taught him as a young boy in small-town Iowa how to remove the screen from his bedroom window in case of fire.  (Laughter.)  What she didn’t know was that by teaching Sal how to jump from his bedroom and sneaking off in the dead of night, she was unleashing a future paratrooper -- (laughter) -- who would one day fight in the rugged mountains of Afghanistan 7,000 miles away.
During the first of his two tours of duty in Afghanistan, Staff Sergeant Giunta was forced early on to come to terms with the loss of comrades and friends.  His team leader at the time gave him a piece of advice:  “You just try -- you just got to try to do everything you can when it’s your time to do it.”  You’ve just got to try to do everything you can when it’s your time to do it.
Salvatore Giunta’s time came on October 25, 2007. He was a Specialist then, just 22 years old.
Sal and his platoon were several days into a mission in the Korengal Valley -- the most....

Army Staff Sgt Salvatore A. Giunta receives the Medal of Honor 11-16-10

....dangerous valley in northeast Afghanistan.  The moon was full. The light it cast was enough to travel by without using their night-vision goggles.  With heavy gear on their backs, and air support overhead, they made their way single file down a rocky ridge crest, along terrain so steep that sliding was sometimes easier than walking. 
They hadn’t traveled a quarter mile before the silence was shattered.  It was an ambush, so close that the cracks of the guns and the whizz of the bullets were simultaneous.  Tracer fire hammered the ridge at hundreds of rounds per minute -- “more,” Sal said later, “than the stars in the sky.”
The Apache gunships above saw it all, but couldn’t engage with the enemy so close to our soldiers.  The next platoon heard the shooting, but were too far away to join the fight in time.
And the two lead men were hit by enemy fire and knocked down instantly.  When the third was struck in the helmet and fell to the ground, Sal charged headlong into the wall of bullets to pull him to safety behind what little cover there was.  As he did, Sal was hit twice -- one round slamming into his body armor, the other shattering a weapon slung across his back.
They were pinned down, and two wounded Americans still lay up ahead.  So Sal and his comrades regrouped and counterattacked.  They threw grenades, using the explosions as cover to run forward, shooting at the muzzle flashes still erupting from the trees.  Then they did it again.  And again.  Throwing grenades, charging ahead.  Finally, they reached one of their men.  He’d been shot twice in the leg, but he had kept returning fire until his gun jammed.
As another soldier tended to his wounds, Sal sprinted ahead, at every step meeting relentless enemy fire with his own.  He crested a hill alone, with no cover but the dust kicked up by the storm of bullets still biting into the ground.  There, he saw a chilling sight:  the silhouettes of two insurgents carrying the other wounded American away -- who happened to be one of Sal’s best friends.  Sal never broke stride.  He leapt forward.  He took aim.  He killed one of the insurgents and wounded the other, who ran off.
Sal found his friend alive, but badly wounded.  Sal had saved him from the enemy -- now he had to try to save his life.  Even as bullets impacted all around him, Sal grabbed his friend by the vest and dragged him to cover.  For nearly half an hour, Sal worked to stop the bleeding and help his friend breathe until the MEDEVAC arrived to lift the wounded from the ridge.  American gunships worked to clear the enemy from the hills.  And with the battle over, First Platoon picked up their gear and resumed their march through the valley.  They continued their mission.
It had been as intense and violent a firefight as any soldier will experience.  By the time it was finished, every member of First Platoon had shrapnel or a bullet hole in their gear.  Five were wounded.  And two gave their lives:  Sal’s friend, Sergeant Joshua C. Brennan, and the platoon medic, Specialist Hugo V. Mendoza.
Now, the parents of Joshua and Hugo are here today.  And I know that there are no words that, even three years later, can ease the ache in your hearts or repay the debt that America owes to you.  But on behalf of a grateful nation, let me express profound thanks to your sons’ service and their sacrifice.  And could the parents of Joshua and Hugo please stand briefly?  (Applause.)
Now, I already mentioned I like this guy, Sal.  And as I found out myself when I first spoke with him on the phone and when we met in the Oval Office today, he is a low-key guy, a humble guy, and he doesn’t seek the limelight.  And he’ll tell you that he didn’t do anything special; that he was just doing his job; that any of his brothers in the unit would do the same thing.  In fact, he just lived up to what his team leader instructed him to do years before:  “You do everything you can.”
Staff Sergeant Giunta, repeatedly and without hesitation, you charged forward through extreme enemy fire, embodying the warrior ethos that says, “I will never leave a fallen comrade.”  Your actions disrupted a devastating ambush before it could claim more lives.  Your courage prevented the capture of an American soldier and brought that soldier back to his family.  You may believe that you don’t deserve this honor, but it was your fellow soldiers who recommended you for it.  In fact, your commander specifically said in his recommendation that you lived up to the standards of the most decorated American soldier of World War II, Audie Murphy, who famously repelled an overwhelming enemy attack by himself for one simple reason:  “They were killing my friends.”
That’s why Salvatore Giunta risked his life for his fellow soldiers -- because they would risk their lives for him.  That’s what fueled his bravery -- not just the urgent impulse to have their backs, but the absolute confidence that they had his.  One of them, Sal has said -- of these young men that he was with, he said, “They are just as much of me as I am.”  They are just as much of me as I am. 
So I would ask Sal’s team, all of Battle Company who were with him that day, to please stand and be recognized as well.  (Applause.)  Gentlemen, thank you for your service.  We’re all in your debt.  And I’m proud to be your Commander-in-Chief.
These are the soldiers of our Armed Forces.  Highly trained.  Battle-hardened.  Each with specialized roles and responsibilities, but all with one thing in common -- they volunteered.  In an era when it’s never been more tempting to chase personal ambition or narrow self-interest, they chose the opposite.  They felt a tug; they answered a call; they said, “I’ll go.”  And for the better part of a decade, they have endured tour after tour in distant and difficult places; they have protected us from danger; they have given others the opportunity to earn a better and more secure life. 
Medal of Honor They are the courageous men and women serving in Afghanistan even as we speak.  They keep clear focus on their mission:  to deny safe haven for terrorists who would attack our country, to break the back of the Taliban insurgency, to build the Afghans’ capacity to defend themselves. 

They possess the steely resolve to see their mission through.  They are made of the same strong stuff as the troops in this room, and I am absolutely confident that they will continue to succeed in the missions that we give them, in Afghanistan and beyond.
After all, our brave servicemen and women and their families have done everything they’ve been asked to do.  They have been everything that we have asked them to be.  “If I am a hero,” Sal has said, “then every man who stands around me, every woman in the military, every person who defends this country is.”  And he’s right.
This medal today is a testament to his uncommon valor, but also to the parents and the community that raised him; the military that trained him; and all the men and women who served by his side.
All of them deserve our enduring thanks and gratitude. They represent a small fraction of the American population, but they and the families who await their safe return carry far more than their fair share of our burden.  They fight halfway around the globe, but they do it in hopes that our children and our grandchildren won’t have to.
They are the very best part of us.  They are our friends, our family, our neighbors, our classmates, our coworkers.  They are why our banner still waves, our founding principles still shine, and our country -- the United States of America -- still stands as a force for good all over the world.  So, please join me in welcoming Staff Sergeant Salvatore A. Giunta for the reading of the citation.  

MILITARY AIDE:  The President of the United States of America, authorized by act of Congress, March 3, 1863, has awarded, in the name of Congress, the Medal of Honor to then Specialist Salvatore A. Giunta, United States Army.
Specialist Salvatore A. Giunta distinguished himself conspicuously by gallantry and intrepidity, at the risk of his life, above and beyond the call of duty, in action, with an armed enemy in the Korengal Valley, Afghanistan, on October 25, 2007.
While conducting a patrol as team leader, with Company B, 2d Battalion Airborne, 503d Infantry Regiment, Specialist Giunta and his team were navigating through harsh terrain when they were ambushed by a well-armed and well-coordinated insurgent force. 
While under heavy enemy fire, Specialist Giunta immediately sprinted towards cover and engaged the enemy.  Seeing that his squad leader had fallen, and believing that he had been injured, Specialist Giunta exposed himself to withering enemy fire and raced towards his squad leader, helped him to cover and administered medical aid.
While administering first aid, enemy fire struck Special Giunta’s body armor and his secondary weapon.  Without regard to the ongoing fire, Specialist Giunta engaged the enemy before prepping and throwing grenades, using the explosions for cover in order to conceal his position.
Attempting to reach additional wounded fellow soldiers who were separated from the squad, Specialist Giunta and his team encountered a barrage of enemy fire that forced them to the ground.  The team continued forward, and upon reaching the wounded soldiers, Specialist Giunta realized that another soldier was still separated from the element.  Specialist Giunta then advanced forward on his own initiative. 

As he crested the top of a hill, he observed two insurgents carrying away an American soldier.  He immediately engaged the enemy, killing one and wounding the other.  Upon reaching the wounded soldier, he began to provide medical aid, as his squad caught up and provided security.
Specialist Giunta’s unwavering courage, selflessness and decisive leadership while under extreme enemy fire were integral to his platoon’s ability to defeat an enemy ambush and recover a fellow American soldier from the enemy.
Specialist Salvatore A. Giunta’s extraordinary heroism and selflessness above and beyond the call of duty are in keeping with the highest traditions of military service and reflect great credit upon himself, Company B, 2d Battalion Airborne, 503d Infantry Regiment and the United States Army.  [The medal is awarded.] (Applause.)     ###

Photos: J. Scott Applewhite / Associated Press; Win McNamee / Getty Images; Department of Defense.

Comments () | Archives (25)

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Words cannot express, but Thank you is the best I can attempt

thank you Sal, for your Courage and Bravery at it's highest level. you were ''All you could Be.

Airborne .. All The Way!

Well done SSG Giunta.

Thank you for your service.

Staff Sgt Giunta, there is not enough one can say in thanks and honor for such an act. I hope you know that you have the respect of not just a nation, but the respect of fellow fighting men and women across all branches of the military who truly understand what it was that drove you to action. God Bless you, young man.

As I would say about any of the MOH awardees: WOW. It's a poor choice or wording but I would destroy the internet if I typed out every synonym for incredible, amazing, or unbelievable.

Wow. Got chills reading that. Well done SSg Giunta.

SSG Giunta, I heard on the news that you consider yourself an average, even "mediocre" soldier, that what you did was no more than what any other U.S. Army soldier would do.

Staff Sergeant, I believe you underestimate yourself, and that to your other great qualities of character one must add humility. But based on my own experience with the U.S. military, I cannot but agree: You are a hero who serves in the company of heroes. I believe, and can state from experience, that those who serve in today's U.S. military make up what is not only the finest, most honor-driven fighting force the world has ever seen, but that its combat veterans and officer corps represent the finest in character, courage, and honor in American society.

So carry on, soldier, and congratulations on an honor well-earned. Please know, and pass on to others with you, that I and millions more who can no longer serve or never did serve, thank God every day that you are on the front lines for us.

One request: When you are ready to return to civilian life, bring with you that character, honor, and dedication to country and help us inject it back into a civilian society that in many ways not only fails to live up to the honorable standard of those who serve in our military, but many no longer even understand what it means. Your country needs your help behind the lines too, soldier -- please keep that mind for when the time comes for you to serve out of uniform.


What a wonderful example of all the men and women giving their all to help other nations and to keep our country safe. I am truly thankful to them all.

What saddens me is that on this board is only 4 comments when the article of the latest Hollywood star draws hundreds.

Think we have our priorities screwed up America???

As a U.S. Army Veteran, S Sgt Salvatore Giunta's Deeds
are recognized with Our Nation's Highest Honor.
But He is a descendant of Sicilian Italians--I too, am
a descendant of Sicilian Italians.
If he was African American--ALL the Media would have emphacized that he is Black!
If he was Jewish--that would have been also touted.
If he was Hispanic or Asian--great mention would be made.
How come, NO mention of his Italian heritage is being made?

Thank you SSG Giunta!! You are amazing. Thank you for your incredible service so we can be free.

Thank you Staff Sergeant Giunta, from Ottawa Canada

One of the finest speeches I've ever heard President Obama make. And I voted for McCain and deeply hope President Obama is a 1 term president.

Regardless, today belongs to Staff Sergeant Giunta and the men of 2-503. The President did this honorable man, his family, his fellow soldiers, and the families of those who were lost a great, great service by his thoughtful and powerful oration. As an American, I greatly appreciate that.

Maybe there's hope for this country after all.

Airborne, Staff Sergeant. All the Way!


Well done SSG Giunta.

Please know that you, and your fellow warriors, are deeply appreciated for ensuring the safety and freedom we enjoy. Without soldiers like yourself, there would be no United States of America. Thank you, sir.

Thanks for saving our country

WOW...Thank you for defending our soldiers and our of luck to you!...

Thank you sir, for what you did and do.

Dear Sgt Giunta

Congratulations & well done !
Soldiers everywhere represent the finest qualities of the human race.
It gave me great pleasure and pride to read about your actions.
Such moments come but once ina lifetime and you did very well. Speaks volumes of your training, motivation , leadership, morale and espirit d corps.
Take care and God Bless

KJS Sandhu

From one Paratrooper to another-
Dear Staff Sgt. Salvatore A. Giunta,

1. I salute you for the display of exceptinal courage , bravery and performence of task beyond the call of duty which resulted in bringing honour and pride to your platoon, Regiment, Corps and the Nation.
2. And if this act is normal in your words and every soldier of your unit and regt can do this as you say then HATS OFF to you sir and your regiment and your country. No power on this earth can defeat a country who has got such soldiers and such people who respect and honour such soldiers.
3. May God bless you and bring more honours to you and to your regiment.

Yea i kno this dude personally and everything Obama said is absolutely right he is a hero and makes me proud to be an American! The way he carries himself and how humble he is for receiving our nations highest honor is something that every American should commend him for! It is an absolute honor to have attended school and been friends with this guy! I am astonished congrats to him and his family and i am so sorry for his fallen comrades! He may be the only person in America that thinks he doesnt deserve the award! And that is what makes him such an awesome person! Way to go Sal!

I cry tears of joy knowing of an individual possessing such a great amount of courage and unconditional love for others as SSg Giunta. Not words, but only feelings from my heart are even come close to expressing my appreciation for his doubtless fortitude of spirit and dedication to service. Your receipt of this honor is much deserved. We all love you!!

As an exserviceman who has seen action in war I can very well understand the emotions in the soldiers 'mind.May the bravery and patriotism last forever.

Hats off to the Guy ! Awesome !

It's great to see an Italian American win the medal (I'm Irish-American and never served). As anyone who has watched HBO's "the Pacific", one of America's greatest MOH heros was Sgt. "Manila John" Basilone". May the powers that be keep Sal out of further combat.


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About the Columnist
A veteran foreign and national correspondent, Andrew Malcolm has served on the L.A. Times Editorial Board and was a Pulitzer finalist in 2004. He is the author of 10 nonfiction books and father of four. Read more.
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