Angelo Cardinal Roncalli, patriarch of Venice, is named Pope John 23rd. At 77, he defied expectations that he would be an interim figure before a younger man took over, according to The Times' Robert Hartmann.
On the jump, a brief history of those puffs of smoke associated with papal elections ... And we give the pope a picture page.
The Times publishes a front page editorial for Proposition 18 on organized labor, calling it "the essential article in labor's bill of rights."
In sports, police arrest athletes in an investigation of gambling at the University of Michigan.