May 31, 1938
| Floyd Roberts of Van Nuys, who gained much of his experience on the dirt track at Ascot, wins the Indianapolis 500.|
Roberts averaged 117.2 mph in a four-cylinder car (at left) built and owned by Lou Moore and designed by Harry Miller, both of Los Angeles.
In Oakland, Earl Ortman of Los Angeles sets a record in closed-course speed flying, 265.539 mph.
James Bailey Cash Jr., 5, is kidnapped from his bed in Princeton, Fla. The FBI searches for clues in the abduction and killing of 12-year-old Peter Levine of New Rochelle, N.Y., as the boy's mutilated body is cremated. (Franklin Pierce McCall is convicted of killing the Cash child and executed in the electric chair. The Levine kidnapping was never solved.)
And rumors spread in Vienna as the Nazis round up hundreds -- perhaps thousands -- of Jews, according to incomplete reports.