Polaris Industries Inc., which manufactures all-terrain vehicles and the Victory and Indian motorcycle brands, announced a minority investment in electric motorcycle maker Brammo Inc. on Wednesday.
'We are excited to advance our electric vehicle capability by establishing Polaris as a business partner and part owner of Brammo, one of the most innovative and aggressive companies we have found in the electric motorcycle space," Polaris Chief Executive Scott Wine. "This is a small, but important, investment for Polaris in an electric vehicle market that we feel is poised for significant growth."
The Polaris investment was part of $28-million funding deal for Brammo; additional contributions came from existing shareholder Alpine Energy and NorthPoint Investments.
The Polaris investment gives the Medina, Minn., manufacturer access to Brammo's proprietary electric vehicle powertrain technology, which has been in development since Brammo's founding in 2002. Polaris will also help Brammo grow its core business, according to a statement released Wednesday.
Brammo, based in Ashland, Ore., manufactures the Enertia electric motorcycle, capable of traveling 80 miles per charge at speeds in excess of 60 mph. In 2012, the company will expand its lineup with its Empulse sportbike capable of traveling 100 mph, and Encite and Engage dirt bikes.
Falcon Motorcycles occupies a rarefied niche in the motorcycle world, taking pieces of decades-old bikes and evolving their artistry and engineering to levels few builders would even attempt. In three years, the L.A. shop has built exactly three bikes, all of them meticulously handcrafted. Its latest, the Black Falcon, took a six-man team an entire year to build. The bike makes its public debut at this weekend's Quail Motorcycle Gathering in Carmel.
"We started with basically a box of pieces," said Ian Barry, Falcon Motorcycles' designer and primary builder.
Inside that box was the engine of a 1952 Vincent Black Shadow that had been sitting in a former motorcycle racer’s bedroom for 35 years, next to giant X-rays of the hips he’d broken racing.
The company supplying batteries for the soon-to-be released Fisker Karma electric car is sponsoring the 2011 TTXGP North American Championship electric motorcycle racing series.
Massachusetts-based A123 Systems, which also has development deals with General Motors and BMW, is the first company to become a title sponsor for the TTXGP, which began on the Isle of Man in 2009 as a single race and expanded last year with a racing circuit in the U.S. and Europe.
A123 is title sponsor for the series kickoff May 15 at Infineon Raceway in Sonoma, Calif., and a sponsor for the remaining three races in New Hampshire, Oregon and Virginia.
In a statement released Thursday, Robert Johnson, A123 vice president of energy solutions, said the company's sponsorship of the series is designed to "help promote its goal of moving vehicle electrification forward by showcasing the potential of high-performance technology like A123's lithium-ion battery systems."
A123 is the developer and manufacturer of advanced lithium-ion batteries. It was the recipient of a $249-million grant from the U.S. Department of Energy in 2009. The money was used to build the country's largest lithium-ion manufacturing facility in Livonia, Mich.
Seven teams will compete in the A123 Infineon Round on May 15, including Mission Motors (based in San Francisco), Brammo Racing (from Ashland, Ore.) and the winner of last year's North American Championship, Lightning Motors (in Woodside, Calif.).
This year's TTXGP is the first to be sanctioned by the American Motorcyclist Assn., as well as the International Motorcycling Federation, or FIM, North American union.
"We're not renegades anymore," said Azhar Hussain, founder of the TTXGP, which two years ago was the world's first electric superbike race on the Isle of Man. "The renegade is in the fold."
Production electric motorcycles have been on the U.S. market for three years, but sales have yet to take off. Their high price, coupled with limited speed, restricted range and an all-but-stalled economy, have relegated them to the realm of moneyed early adopters and hardcore greenies.
But Brammo, in Ashland, Ore., announced Wednesday what it hopes will be a game-changer. In an effort to reach the enthusiast market, it is partnering with an Italian firm to add six-speed transmissions, and a performance edge, to its electric motorcycles.
Brammo's one existing model, the Enertia, does not have a transmission. It's a direct drive, single-speed, as are all the other production electric motorcycles currently on the market, including those from Zero Motorcycles in Santa Cruz and Native Cycles in Oakland.
"The transmission moves electric motorcycles from being the electric part of the category to being at least the same or in some cases way better than gas in terms of performance," said Brammo founder and CEO Craig Bramscher. "Now you can pull in the clutch and rev it just like a regular motorcycle. When you dump the clutch, you get all the benefits of a gas bike: fun factor and rideability."
The new integrated electric transmission, or IET, will be incorporated into four new off-road models Brammo announced Wednesday -- the $9,995 Engage MX mini moto; the $9,995 Engage SMR super moto; the $11,995 Engage SMS super moto; and the Encite MMX Pro mini moto, pricing for which was not announced. The new dirt bikes will go into production in 2012.
Motorcycle manufacturers have finally ended their two-year sales slump. Purchases of on-highway motorcycles increased 7% in the first quarter of 2011 versus the same quarter a year earlier, according to a report released Wednesday by the Motorcycle Industry Council, a trade group in Irvine that represents power sports manufacturers.
Sales of scooters and dual-sport models were particularly strong, increasing 50% and 24% respectively, in the first quarter of 2011 versus the same quarter in 2010. The increase in fuel-efficient scooters and commuter-oriented dual-sport mirrors a trend from 2008 that saw such models increase in popularity along with increased gasoline prices.
Sales of off-highway motorcycles, however, continued their downward spiral, decreasing 5% for the quarter versus a year earlier.
Motorcycle sales began their precipitous drop-off in 2009, falling to 655,000 units that year after six years of 1-million-plus sales. In 2010, annual sales dropped to 440,000 units.
-- Susan Carpenter
Photo: 2011 Honda CBR250R. Credit: American Honda Motor Co.
Ducati calls its first-ever muscle bike the Diavel, or devil. A better name might be the Guidata, or wizard, considering its near-magic handling.
There are a lot of things about the Diavel that defy its spec sheet, most notably its long, 62.6-inch wheelbase and fat, 240 millimeter rear tire, the latter of which was designed by Pirelli specifically for the Diavel.
Contoured like a cone, instead of an upside-down bowl like most fat-tired cruisers, Pirelli's Diablo Rosso II helps the bike effortlessly lean into turns at low and high speeds and is largely responsible for making this muscle bike as responsive and flickable as a sport bike.
The engine also helps. The Diavel is powered with the same retuned 1198.4 cc superbike engine as its critic's darling, the Multistrada adventure bike, introduced last year. The Testastretta 11-degree L-twin reduces the overlap from a Ducati sport bike's 41 degrees when the intake and exhaust valves are open to smooth the power delivery while increasing fuel economy and reducing emissions.
And it uses the same ride-by-wire technology as the Multistrada, allowing riders to choose between different ride modes. On the Diavel, those modes are urban, sport and touring, which toggle the horsepower between 100 and 162 and also default to preset traction control settings. Ducati Traction Control and anti-lock brakes are standard on the bike. Both can be turned off.
Torque is an impressive 94 pound-feet, with excellent low-end grunt that doesn't let up even at midrange rpms.
It's all classic Ducati, in terms of performance. But the Diavel also breaks new ground. It's the first Ducati to use low-energy, extra-bright LEDs for its turn signals and tail lights -- a great feature to improve visibility since this bike moves so quickly it's likely to take asleep-at-the-wheel drivers by surprise. It's the first Ducati to use a keyless, push-button start, which I liked except that the clearance for my finger was a bit tight between the button and the digital display mounted just above it.
It's also the first Ducati that doesn't really look like a Ducati. Sure, there's the trellis frame. There's also an exceptionally chubby tank area, the front end of which is sandwiched with V-max-style air scoops and twin radiators. The Diavel's looks take some getting used to.
When Ducati unveiled its latest at the Milan bike show last fall, I was a skeptic. Was Ducati really chasing Harley-Davidson? Now that I've ridden the bike for a long weekend, I'd say Ducati isn't chasing anything but its own racing legacy, which it's tapped to make a first-rate performance cruiser.
2011 Ducati Diavel
Base price: $16,995
Price as tested: $19,995 (Diablo Carbon)
Powertrain: Liquid-cooled, electronically fuel-injected, Testastretta 11-degree, 1198.4 cc L-twin, 6-speed
Maximum horsepower: 162 at 9,500 rpm
Maximum torque: 94 pound-feet at 8,000 rpm
Wheelbase: 62.6 inches
Seat height: 30.3 inches
Dry weight: 456 pounds
Fuel economy: About 35 mpg
-- Susan Carpenter
Photo: 2011 Ducati Diavel. Credit: Ducati North America
The VW Bus broke ground more than 60 years ago when it entered the market, becoming what Volkswagen said was the world’s first van. Now the German manufacturer is looking to the future with a concept electric version called the Bulli.
Unveiled at the Geneva Motor Show this week, the Bulli -- which comes from an early nickname for the VW Bus -- is powered with a 40-kilowatt-hour lithium-ion battery pack and can travel up to 186.4 miles per charge, Volkswagen says. Its top sped is 87 miles per hour.
Inspired by the original bus, the Bulli is designed to maximize interior space. It is a wide-set six-seater with a single bench seat in the front, two-thirds of which folds down. The rear bench seat also collapses. Like the original, the Bulli exterior is two-tone with a large VW emblem front and center on the hood.
As befits a forward-thinking car, an iPad is incorporated into the center console and works as a multifunctional touchscreen, controlling the car's Bluetooth and navigation functions, as well as entertainment media, including Internet access.
For now, the Bulli is only a concept, but a VW spokeswoman said the manufacturer sees "great opportunity for it in the U.S."
Rolls-Royce Motor Cars unveiled its 102EX Phantom at the Geneva Motor Show on Tuesday. The British manufacturer is billing the experimental vehicle as "the world's first battery electric vehicle for the ultra-luxury segment."
Developed in recognition of the need for sustainability in future products, the 102EX, or Phantom Experimental Electric, is a test vehicle that will be available only for short-term drives by Rolls owners and enthusiasts, as well as the media. Rolls-Royce has no plans to build a production version, only to gather research.
The Experimental Electric is based on the gas-powered Phantom but swaps out the 6.75-liter V12 engine and six-speed gearbox for a 71-kilowatt-hour lithium-ion battery pack and twin 145-kilowatt motors mounted to the rear subframe. The car makes about 400 horsepower and can reach a maximum speed of about 100 mph. Rolls-Royce estimates the electric will be able to travel up to 124 miles per charge.
Rolls-Royce says the Phantom's battery pack, which is the first application of electric technology in a super luxury vehicle priced at more than $300,000, may be the largest ever used in a road car.
It’s been a tough couple of years for the motorcycle industry, as U.S. sales rode into a ditch along with the economy.
But manufacturers are rumbling for a comeback, including Harley-Davidson with its newest offering, the Blackline.
The rare Harley to make a midyear model entrance, the 2011 Blackline is an understated badass -- excuse me: minimalist “dark custom” -- that was fast-tracked to fill a gap left by the discontinued Night Train and to freshen Harley’s softail lineup with a long custom.
Its wheelbase is stretched to an oil-tanker-esque 66.5 inches. And the bike feels even longer from the saddle, which is an ultra low 24 inches. This is a machine that will appeal to riders with chimpanzee physiques -– stubby legs and gangly arms -- who like to look like thugs.
The lines of the Blackline only add to the illusion that riders are sitting in, rather than on, their rides. Jutting out front is a classic, 21-inch spoked wheel, while out back is a modest 16-incher with an even more modest 144 mm tread tire. But don’t be fooled by the numbers. This isn’t a bike for beginners, or even returning riders, despite a starting price of $15,499 and the option of anti-lock brakes.
Its counterbalanced, rigid-mounted 96-cubic-inch V-twin has great off-the-line starting power, with 89 foot-pounds of torque. And I found its four-piston-caliper brakes were more than ample to slow the bike when a sedan cut me off on the freeway, careening across three lanes to catch an exit.
Slow-speed turns on the Blackline are, however, a bit like maneuvering a cement mixer.
What I most liked about the Blackline are the subtle design details, like the blacked-out badge on the tank and a two-tone paint job that mirrors the two-tone colors of the engine. The matte black cylinders with the matte gray heads topped with shiny black rocker tops is a nod to certain panheads and shovelheads from the '50s and '60s.
In an attempt to rip itself off even more as Harley delves deep into its bobber past and declutters this modern-day machine, the speedo has been moved from the tank to the triple clamp. Instead of a gas gauge there is merely a warning light to stop, get gas, keep riding.
2011 Harley-Davidson Blackline
Base price: $15,499 Price as tested: $15,998 Powertrain: Electronic sequential port fuel injected, air-cooled, twin Cam 96B V-twin, pushrod-operated, overhead valves with hydraulic, self-adjusting lifters, two valves per cylinder, six-speed transmission Displacement: 96 cubic inches, or 1,584 cubic centimeters Maximum torque: 89 pound-feet at 3,250 rpm Wheelbase: 66.5 inches Seat height (laden): 24 inches Curb weight: 682.5 pounds EPA fuel economy: 35 mpg city/54 mpg highway
-- Susan Carpenter
Photo: 2011 Harley-Davidson Blackline. Credit: Harley-Davidson Motor Co.
BMW announced Monday that, beginning in 2013, it would sell its electric vehicles under a new sub-brand called BMW i.
The announcement comes as the German automaker readies the second phase of an electricity mobility program it began in 2007 with the two-seat Mini E. That program continues at the Geneva Auto Show next month with the newest version of its follow-up, the Active E -- a four-seat, 1 series sedan converted to electric using a BMW-engineered powertrain and new battery cell technology developed in a joint venture with Samsung and Bosch.
Two new models will be launched under the sub-brand. The larger BMW i3, or Mega City, is planned as a purpose-built, plug-in electric using lightweight materials such as carbon fiber and aluminum that will allow it to have a range simliar to the Mini E. The i3 will go into full production in two years.
The i8 will be a plug-in hybrid with extremely low carbon-dioxide emissions and high performance. It is also scheduled to come to market in 2013.
Developed to present electric mobility as a premium product, the BMW i sub-brand is meant to distinguish BMW's electric vehicles as highly designed performance vehicles that are also sustainable.
Production numbers and pricing for the models haven't been announced. Pricing for the Active E will be announced this summer. Like the Mini E it's replacing the Active E will be available for lease only, but for a longer term than the Mini E, probably 24 months. Pricing will be competitive with the Chevrolet Volt, which leases for $350 a month, according to Rich Steinberg, manager of EV Operations and Strategy for BMW Group.
"A lot of people have been asking how quickly pure or plug-in electric vehicles will grow," Steinberg said. "The uncertainty with the Libyan crisis and gas prices, there's going to be a lot of interest in people looking to decrease their expenditures on gasoline. Many experts are looking at $5-per-gallon gasoline. That bodes well for devleopment of the EV market."
-- Susan Carpenter
Photos, from top: The BMW Active E plug-in electric sedan; a concept drawing for BMW Mega City electric vehicle. Credit: BMW Group.
It's an unfortunate reality of motorcycles that mass-produced, plug-in electrics, which have been on the market almost three years, haven't received nearly as much mainstream-media attention as electric cars. Take the Zero Motorcycles DS, the third battery-electric model from the Santa Cruz, Calif., manufacturer.