Home loan rates fall, but so does mortgage demand
Responding to sluggish economic and housing data, mortgage rates have fallen for the seventh straight week, following the yield on Treasury bonds to new lows for the year.
But many people remain on the sidelines of the housing market, expecting further price declines or unable to refinance their existing home because they have little or no remaining home equity.
The yield on the 10-year Treasury note, a benchmark for home lending rates, dropped below 3% on Wednesday for the first time since early December as investors sought safety in bonds backed by Uncle Sam. And mortgage rates also fell to levels not seen since then, according to the widely watched Freddie Mac survey of lender offering rates.
Freddie Mac said Thursday that the typical rate for a 30-year fixed-rate home loan declined to 4.55% this week from 4.60% a week earlier. Not since the week of Dec. 2, when the survey showed the 30-year mortgage at 4.46%, have rates in the survey been lower.
The 15-year fixed loan averaged 3.74% in the latest survey, down from 3.78% a week ago and the lowest since Nov. 11, when it was at 3.57%.
Borrowers in the survey would have needed good credit and 20% down payments or 20% home equity in the case of refinancing to obtain the rates. They would have paid 0.6% of the loan amount on average in upfront lender fees to obtain the 30-year loan and 0.7% for the 15-year loan, Freddie Mac said.
Declining rates such as those might be expected to increase the number of people seeking to lower the cost of their home loans by refinancing. Last fall, when the typical 30-year rate in the Freddie Mac survey dipped briefly below 4.2% on two occasions, refinance applications surged.
So is that starting to happen again?
"Not yet," said Laguna Niguel mortgage broker Jeff Lazerson, "but I am praying to the mortgage gods."
Another recent report showed Lazerson is not alone.
A weekly survey by the Mortgage Bankers Assn., released Wednesday, found that applications for new mortgages decreased by 4% during the week that ended May 27, compared with the previous week. Refinance applications were down by 5.7%.
"The last time mortgage rates were this low, refinance volume was more than 20% higher," said Mike Fratantoni, the mortgage trade group's vice president of research and economics. "It is likely that many borrowers still cannot qualify to refinance given the lack of equity in their homes."
-- E. Scott Reckard
Photo: Spring comes to Freddie Mac headquarters in McLean, Va. Credit: Freddie Mac