Missing Mojave cross might have been found in Half Moon Bay
When Henry and Wanda Sandoz erected a cross on a rocky outcropping in the Mojave National Preserve, they intended for it to last. They gathered on Palm Sunday 1998, just off Cima Road south of Interstate 15 at a place known as Sunrise Rock, and they hoisted the welded steel pipe cross to its foundation, some 30 feet above the floor of the desert, and bolted it to the granite and filled it with concrete.
Twelve years later, thieves had a different plan for their cross. Cutting the bolts, they toppled it from its perch and took it away. In spite of a $25,000 reward for its recovery at the time, no solid leads materialized.
On Monday in Northern California, however, officials found a cross that is believed to be the vanished Mojave cross.
Strapped to a fence post along a stretch of Highway 35 known as Muddy Flats in Half Moon Bay, a seven-foot white cross was found by deputies with the San Mateo County Sheriff's Office after being notified by KGO-TV.
“This cross is an important historical artifact,” read a note attached to it. “It is in fact the Mojave Cross take on the evening of May 9, 2010, from Sunrise Rock in the Mojave Desert.”
Officials from the National Park Service were emailed photographs of the cross, and while it appears to be the stolen cross its identity has not yet been 100% confirmed, according to park service spokeswoman Linda Slater.
The Sandozes were skeptical. “This cross has a little box welded on the bottom,” said his wife, Wanda. “That wasn’t on the cross that Henry put up unless someone put it on the cross later.”
The Mojave cross -- which was originally erected in 1934 to commemorate veterans from World War I -- has been controversial since 1999 when a former park service employee and the American Civil Liberties Union objected to its presence on federal land as a violation of the 1st Amendment.
A federal district judge in Riverside agreed, ruling that the cross conveyed an endorsement of religion, and while his decision was under appear the cross was covered up, first with a tarp, which was shredded by vandals, then with a plywood box. The judge's opinion was upheld by the U.S. 9th Circuit Court of Appeals. Only if the land were privately owned could the cross remain.
When the National Park Service and the Sandozes agreed to a land swap that would deed Sunrise Rock to the Veterans of Foreign Wars, the district court ruled against the compromise. The U.S. Supreme Court eventually took the case and in 2010 determined that the ruling against the land swap was flawed.
Weeks later, the cross was stolen. Since then, other crosses have been raised on the site and have been removed by park service rangers who have stored them in an evidence locker in Barstow while waiting for the land transfer to be finalized.
Last Friday, more than two years after the Supreme Court decision, the National Park Service completed the conveyance of Sunrise Rock to the California Veterans of Foreign Wars.
On Veteran’s Day, the Sandozes -- along with friends and supporters and a miliary honor guard -- plan to raise a new cross on Sunrise Rock. It will not be the one that was found Monday at Half Moon Bay.
Not long after the cross was stolen in 2010, Henry Sandoz made a new one. He stored it in a private barn south of Sunrise Rock. This week it is being painted for its debut.
-- Thomas Curwen and Jessica Garrison
Photo: Henry and Wanda Sandoz spend a moment in 2000 with the cross they erected at Sunrise Rock in the Mojave Desert. Credit: Gina Ferazzi / Los Angeles Times