Guilty verdict seen as victory in fight against city corruption
Two former Lynwood council members accused of illegally boosting their salaries were convicted Tuesday in a closely watched case that legal experts said could expand the definition of public corruption.
The guilty verdicts marked a significant victory for the Los Angeles County district attorney’s office in its efforts to crack down on city officials who pay themselves excessive salaries. The Lynwood trial was seen as an important test case for prosecutors as they prepare to try the much more high-profile Bell corruption case, in which former council members are accused of similar charges.
During the month-long trial, prosecutors used a novel legal argument that Lynwood officials broke the law by accepting tens of thousands of dollars in stipends for sitting on city commissions that appeared to do little, if any, work – an arrangement that Deputy Dist. Atty. Sean Hassett called “clearly a scam.”
The added pay boosted the part-time council members' income from less than $10,000 a year to as much as $112,000 in one year for Louis Byrd and $72,000 for Fernando Pedroza, prosecutors said.
Deputy Dist. Atty. Ed Miller said the verdicts sent clear message to other government officials “that there’s an assembly of people much more powerful than any city council in this country, and that’s a jury of one’s peers.”
Lavish compensation has become a heated issue in cities across California since the Bell scandal broke in 2010, and experts said the Lynwood ruling is likely to force municipalities to take notice.
“It will certainly ... be helpful in providing guidance to cities and other public agencies in terms of what do they need to be careful about in compensating their elected officials,” said Patrick Whitnell, the general counsel for the League of California Cities.
Jurors in the Compton courthouse deliberated more than four days before convicting both men of misappropriating public funds.
Prosecutors also accused the former council members of misusing city credit cards, charging the city for lavish travel expenses and accepting stipends for attending events that were unrelated to city business. Among the most significant bills: a $1,500 night out at a Guadalajara strip club, where dancers allegedly performed sexual favors for Pedroza and a city manager. Pedroza denied the claim.
Jurors, however, said they were ultimately swayed by the allegation that it was illegal for the council members to collect $450 per meeting for a pair of city commissions that often met for only a few minutes at a time.
Juror Natalie Luker, 34, said the jurors looked carefully at the 1998 decision by the council members to create the commission stipends and ultimately decided that the compensation was illegal because the bylaws for both commissions specified that members were not to be paid.
Former Bell council members are also accused of accepting generous stipends for commission meetings, boosting the annual pay for most council members to nearly $100,000.
Loyola Law School Professor Laurie Levenson said Tuesday’s convictions show that jurors are willing to accept that public officials cross a legal line when they pay themselves too much and that the verdicts will likely reverberate beyond Lynwood.
“There’s nothing better for deterrence than seeing other people go to jail,” said Levenson, a former federal prosecutor. “It’s a pretty good taking of the temperature of prospective jurors in the upcoming cases.”
-- Abby Sewell and Matt Stevens
Photo: In 2004, an investigator from the public integrity division of the L.A. County district attorney's office tells a visitor to Lynwood City Hall that the building is closed. Credit: Brian Vander Brug / Los Angeles Times