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'XKCD: Volume 0' is sticking it to traditional publishers

Alexis OhanianRandall MunroewebcomicXKCDXKCD: Volume 0

What's the most stupidly ambitious aspect of "XKCD: Volume 0," the book based on the wildly popular yet still very underground webcomic:

  • Is it the assumption that cartoonist Randall Munroe's uber tech-savvy audience would pay for a hard-copy version of the comic strips it gets for free in a comprehensive online archive?
  • Is it that Alexis Ohanian, co-founder of Conde Nast's Reddit, turned his "un-corporation" Breadpig into a publishing company for his friend Munroe's book, while Munroe, 25, declined several offers from established publishers, despite their persistence? "I kind of make it hard to e-mail me," Munroe said on the phone from Somerville, Mass.
  • Or how about the pledge to build a $32,000 school in Laos from a portion of book sales without the luxury of advertising or having copies on major bookstore shelves?

You're right if you guessed all -- or none -- of the above.

"XKCD: Volume 0" is a gamble that's paying off for Munroe, a former NASA contractor who left to pursue stick-figure cartooning full-time.

The first run of 10,000 books is almost sold out. Ohanian's half-baked publishing project has attracted dozens of uninvited proposals from authors. And the school in Laos, whose $32,000 goal was reached shortly after the first two book signings in San Francisco and New York, is almost constructed.
"We were joking that we'd fill the entire library with XKCD books," Ohanian said on the phone from Hong Kong, a stop on his way to a conference in India. "Those kids, by becoming literate, will one day buy more books. So it's a long-term investment," he said dryly.

XKCD already had a direct line to its core audience. Millions check into XKCD.com each month for a laugh at the latest comic, many returning several times per week. All Munroe had to do was post an announcement saying, "There's XKCD stuff in the store," and fans rushed down the digital aisles on the book's Sept. 15 release.

"He didn't need any help marketing," Ohanian said. "And he didn't need that much help distributing." Ohanian should know. XKCD handles Reddit's merchandise distribution.

Randall-munroe-xkcd2It was only natural that XKCD go a nontraditional route for publishing. After all, there's no way the comic could have survived the traditional syndicated comic lifestyle, Munroe said. The XKCD philosophy is to cater to a niche audience and then let members of that audience proliferate the comics among their friends.

"The Internet has completely changed how you can do this kind of art," Munroe said. "I've read a couple of books about what it's like to do art in the syndicate. ... It sounds really miserable."

Aside from frequent fan requests, there was no guarantee that XKCD readers would buy a neatly bound, dead-tree version of the black-and-white graphics. XKCD's audience looks uncannily like the ones that rarely pay for movies or music, downloading copyrighted content by the hundreds.

But as Cory Doctorow and Wil Wheaton have also shown, if this new generation of consumers cares about the property, they'll pay for it. Especially in book form.

Maybe that's a topic to explore in future XKCD comics or in "XKCD: Volume 1," which Ohanian believes is on Munroe's road map.

But for now, XKCD's math geeks still have to solve the book's puzzle. In the meantime, Munroe, an engineer at heart, is constructing underwater radio-controlled robots. No joke.

-- Mark Milian

Photos: XKCD cartoonist Randall Munroe signing books at Anybots Inc. in Mountain View, Calif. Credit: Alexis Ohanian / Breadpig

Comments () | Archives (10)

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What an odd title for this story. How is Munroe "sticking it" to anybody? Sure, the old model for book or music publishing and promotion ended up wildly unfair to the talent, and this is yet another indication of how the market (and marketing) is changing, but "ignoring" would have been a more reasonable way of putting it.

David S. - it's a pun; Munroe's web comic is made of stick figures.

Have you read the comic? His artistic style is 100% stick figures....

XKCD's audience looks uncannily like the ones that rarely pay for movies or music, downloading copyrighted content by the hundreds.

Yeah... didn't they just release a study stating the opposite? Sure I download, but I spend plenty of money on content as well. Enough with this tired old attack that isn't even true.

Does anyone notice that with "millions" checking in each week, he hasn't sold 10,000 copies? This is good?

Bill Peschel, the book just came out recently (September, I think) and has sold those 10,000 copies without advertising or being in bookstores. I've worked in publishing for many years and I've rarely seen a print-run of 10,000 sell out in a few months.

Aieee! You're right, of course! I love xkcd and keep up to date with it every week or so, but totally didn't get the pun there. Ha, now I do. Good one ( sort of ).

I'd like to reiterate annoyance with the following sentence:

XKCD's audience looks uncannily like the ones that rarely pay for movies or music, downloading copyrighted content by the hundreds.

The recent research would suggest that people who download music and movies are actually MORE, not less, likely to spend money on media. However, they tend to be choosier. So downloading is a bit like a preview for the downloader-- if they really enjoy what they've got, they'll go out and buy it.

I would imagine this XKCD book is functioning in the same way. Actually, I have a print of an XKCD comic. Yes, I could have just printed it out and stuck it on my wall, but I bought it from the store because I appreciate what Munroe does, and it's nice to own the real thing.

It's not really that surprising that the book is doing well. This evil downloading generation is after quality, and we like to see what we're getting. That doesn't mean we don't like hard copies of things.

@David S.
"sticking it" is a pun. he stuck it to the big publishers by not making them loads of money.

I'm not sure they've realized that when he says Volume 0 is probably the Volume One, just in binary. Maybe.


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