Nevada water pipeline: In jeopardy?
The Nevada Supreme Court dealt a huge blow Thursday to Las Vegas officials’ controversial plan to siphon water from the state’s rural north, saying that a faulty application process invalidates the south's claim to tens of thousands of acre-feet of water.
Starting in 1989, Las Vegas-area water officials – anticipating a massive population boom in thirsty southern Nevada – asked the state water engineer for groundwater rights in a number of rural valleys. Critics panned the proposal to channel water, via a 300-mile pipeline, from ranching to casino country as an Owens Valley-like grab. A number of people filed formal objections.
“It was very much a way to just lock up this water,” said Simeon Herskovits, the lead attorney for protesters including the Great Basin Water Network.
The state engineer was required by law to move on the water rights applications within a year. Nothing happened until 2005. As the state engineer began to consider the water requests, dozens of people, including the relatives of northern landowners who had died since the applications were first filed, tried to lodge formal objections. They were denied.
The state Supreme Court ruling sends the parties back to a District Court, which will decide whether the Southern Nevada Water Authority (SNWA) must start the application process anew, as the protesters would like. Alternately, the court could recommend that the state engineer simply reopen the formal protest period.
“This sends the whole water rights decision back to the drawing board,” Herskovits said.
In a statement, the SNWA, a politically powerful agency headed by pipeline advocate Pat Mulroy, said it was disappointed by the decision and was considering asking the state Supreme Court to reconsider.
“We believe the justices may not fully appreciate the far-reaching ramifications of their decision on people throughout the state,” the statement said. It’s common, the agency said, for the state engineer to wait more than a year to weigh an application and, in light of the court’s ruling, thousands of permits “could be called into question.”
The agency recently said it would build the water pipeline only if absolutely necessary. The recession has halted the Las Vegas region’s breakneck growth and water use has dipped, though a prolonged drought has so sapped Lake Mead, the region’s chief source of water, that a chalk-white bathtub ring marks the water's previous level.
-- Ashley Powers
Photo: The Southern Nevada Water Authority's Pat Mulroy has advocated pumping rural water 300 miles south to Las Vegas. Credit: Brian Vander Brug / Los Angeles Times